Energy and Natural Resources


For decades, Lavery has enjoyed an enviable reputation in the area of energy and natural resources – a reputation built long before the launch of the Plan Nord. In fact, our team has an in-depth understanding of the many issues and challenges facing projects in this industry carried out both as part of the Plan Nord and outside that territory.

Since the Quebec government’s launch of the Plan Nord, projects to develop energy sources and natural resources have regularly made headlines. From a legal perspective, projects of this nature require the collaboration of teams specialized in several of Lavery’s areas of expertise such as mining law, environmental and real estate law, mergers and acquisitions, administrative and municipal law, securities law, project and infrastructure financing, as well as the taking of security interests over those infrastructure assets, construction law, tax law, labour and employment law, land use planning, and Aboriginal law.

Lavery’s expertise and multidisciplinary services are placed at the disposal of clients every step of the way, from preliminary approval to the start of production and beyond, allowing them to save time and money.


Energy and resource development

  • Legal advice and representation in industrial, hydroelectric, wind, and gas development projects
  • Negotiation of rights and authorizations for dam operation, hydroelectric equipment management, and power line construction
  • Contracts for infrastructure development and construction projects involving gas pipelines, wind power, power lines, and liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminals
  • Legal advice to financial companies for cogeneration projects
  • Legal advice to oil and gas pipeline operators and oil companies
  • Representation of gas producers, brokers, and small hydroelectricity producers before the Régie de l'énergie
  • Representation of companies before the National Energy Board for facilities construction and pricing approvals
  • Legal advice to mining and mineral processing companies
  • Legal advice to companies involved in developing water and forest resources

Land use planning

  • Legal advice on the application of zoning, construction, and subdivision bylaws
  • Legal advice and representation in the establishment and defence of acquired rights
  • Legal advice on rules for the protection of agricultural lands and activities
  • Legal advice on shoreline, coastal, and floodplain protection rules
  • Legal advice on local regulations, particularly nuisance bylaws and disputes between neighbours

Representative mandates

  • We represent and act as lead counsel to Freestone International LLC and GNL Quebec Inc. in all aspects of the US$7 billion project development to implement a liquefied natural gas (LNG) export facility on a site administered by the Saguenay Port Authority. In particular, Lavery participated in the drafting and negotiation of the land option agreement with the Port of Saguenay, in legal opinions related to several aspects of the project, in the creation of the corporate and tax structure of ownership and in the creation of the investment vehicle and in the related several rounds of equity financing
  • Legal counsel to Eolectric Club, L.P., in the sale of part of the 101 MW Vents du Kempt wind farm to Fiera Axium Infrastructure Canada
  • Legal counsel to Eolectric Club, L.P., and Vents du Kempt, L.P., in the development, planning, and construction of the 101MW Vents du Kempt wind farm valued at $340 million located at Sainte-Marguerite-Marie et Causapscal in the RCM of Matapédia, Québec. This farm consists of 43 Enercon E92 wind turbines, each with a capacity of 2.35 MW
  • Legal counsel to Eolectric Club, L.P., in the acquisition from l'Érable Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Elecnor, S.A., of an important financial stake in the 100 MW l'Érable wind farm located in Saint-Ferdinand-d'Halifax, Sainte-Sophie-d'Halifax, and Saint-Pierre-Baptiste, Québec. This wind farm consists of 50 Enercon E82 wind turbines, each with a capacity of 2 MW
  • Legal counsel to Gaz Métro in the preparation of a call for tenders and the drafting of contractual documentation for the construction of a 450 km gas pipeline between Jonquière and Sept-Îles in north-eastern Québec, project worth an estimated $800 million
  • Legal counsel in the revision of an EPC contract for the construction of a liquefied natural gas reservoir (project approximately $50 million)
  • Legal counsel to Gaz Métro in the negotiation of an EPC contract with qualified proponents for the expansion of the LSR factory in eastern Montréal ($100 million project)
  • Legal counsel to Aluminerie Alouette Inc. in the negotiation of an agreement to supply additional energy in the form of MW to Aluminerie Alouette, opening the door to phase III of the project to expand the company's factory, for a total investment of almost $2 billion, including the addition of a third series of reduction cells, research and development of new technologies, and the construction of a new university building
  • Legal counsel to Canadian Royalties Inc. in construction litigation and advice regarding the review of regulatory problems concerning the Nunavik mining project and roads and access to the project. Review of contractual arrangements for the shipping of field equipment
  • Legal counsel to Gaz Métro L.P. in the acquisition of a network of four underground pipelines belonging to Ethylec Inc. and Pétromont, L.P.
  • Legal counsel to Geomega Resources Inc. in the private equity financing for aggregate gross proceeds of $2,310 million, with Industrial Alliance Securities Inc. and Marquest Asset Management Inc. acting as agents. Geomega Resources Inc. is owner of the Montviel Rare Earths/Niobium project near the Cree First Nation of Waswanipi and Lebel-sur-Quévillon
  • Legal counsel to Oceanic Iron Ore Corp. in the negotiation of contracts for an iron ore mining project on the west coast of Ungava Bay
  • Legal counsel to Rail America in the negotiation of an operating agreement for a rail line serving a mining project of New Millennium and Tata Steel, including an analysis of the tax effectiveness of their operations

Top Ranked Chambers Canada Lavery Lawyers

  1. Latest developments in the Canadian infrastructure market / The Canada-Europe Free Trade Agreement: impacts on the infrastructure industry / Biomethanization: a fast-growing market in Québec

    TABLE OF CONTENTS Latest developments in the Canadian market Fengate acquires a solar project portfolio from Canadian Solar TerraForm Power increases the financing of its Canadian solar power portfolio SaskPower launches a call for tenders for 200 MW of wind energy Boralex closes the financing of the Port Ryerse wind farm in Ontario CPDQ posts an 11 .1% return on its infrastructure sector in 2016 Infrastructure Ontario appoints a new CEO SNC-Lavalin intends to launch a new infrastructure fund in 2017 InstarAGF raised $549M for its Essential Infrastructure Fund Bombardier and Metrolinx move toward a trial The Government of Québec confirms its support for the CDPQ’s REM project The future Canada Infrastructure Bank: a role which remains to be clarified Teacher’s former CEO to advise the Canada Infrastructure Bank Metrolinx CEO becomes an advisor to the Canada Infrastructure Bank British Columbia Budget 2017 provides for record levels of infrastructure investments Road programming 2017-2018: more than $4 .6B to be invested in the Québec road infrastructure network Alberta Budget 2017 increases infrastructure investments Québec Budget 2017 provides for massive investments in public transportation Newfoundland and Labrador Budget 2017 introduces a five-year infrastructure investment plan Innergex announces the commissioning of the 81 .4 MW Upper Lillooet River hydroelectric power plant Manitoba Budget 2017 steps up its commitment to public-private partnerships The Canada-Europe Free Trade Agreement: Impacts on the infrastructure industry Biomethanization: a fast-growing market in Québec Latest developments in the Canadian market Fengate acquires a solar project portfolio from Canadian Solar On February 1, 2017, Fengate closed the acquisition of three solar projects from Canadian Solar . The three projects, located in Sault Ste . Marie, in Ontario, represent a total capacity of 59 .8 MW . This acquisition constitutes Fengate’s largest power investment to date. The three projects each have a power purchase agreement with the Independent Electricity System Operator (IESO) with an average remaining life of approximately 15 years . These projects will continue to the operated by Canadian Solar under a long-term operating and maintenance agreement with Fengate. TerraForm Power increases the financing of its Canadian solar power portfolio On March 2, 2017, TerraForm Power announced that it increased by $114M the amount of financing dedicated to four Canadian solar projects . The group of projects includes the SunE Perpetual Lindsay (15 .5 MW), Marsh Hill (18 .5 MW), Woodville (12 .6 MW) and Sandringham (13 .1 MW) parks, which all have a 20-year power purchase agreement with IESO. Following this increase, the total financing amount for this group of projects is $234M while the initial loan was $120M . The financing term is seven years. Deutsche Bank and CIBC were joint bookrunners and joint lead arrangers for the transaction . Commonwealth Bank of Australia, Siemens Financial, the Fédération des caisses Desjardins du Québec and the Laurentian Bank are also members of the banking syndicate. SaskPower launches a call for tenders for 200 MW of wind energy On February 7, 2017, SaskPower launched a call for tenders for 200 MW of wind energy intended for independent producers able to develop, finance, build, own and operate wind power projects in Saskatchewan . The projects must be operational by April 30, 2020, in accordance with the terms of the call for tenders. Bids are expected by May 2, 2017 . SaskPower will assess the proposals based on criteria that include the proposed price, community involvement, participation of aboriginal groups, environmental aspects, etc . SaskPower intends to grant up to two 25-year power purchase contracts. Boralex closes the financing of the Port Ryerse wind farm in Ontario On February 22, 2017, Boralex announced the closing of a $33 .4M post- construction financing for the 10 MW Port Ryerse wind farm, located on privately owned lands east of the hamlet of Port Ryerse in Norfolk County, Ontario . This is a long-term financing provided by the DZ Bank AG Deutsche Zentral-Genossenschaftsbank (New York Branch) . The financing consists of a $2 .0M letter of credit facility and a long-term tranche of $31 .4M, the latter to be amortized over a period of 18 years. Note that the project is covered by a 20-year power purchase agreement with Ontario’s Independent Electricity System Operator (IESO) and that Boralex is now the sole holder of the project . CPDQ posts an 11.1% return on its infrastructure sector in 2016 The Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec (“CDPQ”) posted an 11 .1% return on its infrastructure segment over calendar year 2016, according to an announcement made on February 24, 2017 . This same segment brought a 6 .6% return in 2015. The amount CDPQ invested in the infrastructure sector was $14 .6B in 2016 against $13B in 2015 . The pension fund invested Cdn .$1 .4B in infrastructure projects in 2016, against Cdn .$705M in 2015 . The pension fund holds 25 infrastructure assets worldwide, allocated between Australasia (10), North America (7), Europe (7) and Latin America (1) according to InfraAmericas. Transport and social infrastructures make up half of the infrastructure portfolio of CDPQ . The other half includes energy and health care. Infrastructure Ontario appoints a new CEO Mr. Ehren Cory has been appointed CEO of Infrastructure Ontario (IO) on February 2, 2017 for a 3-year term which should therefore terminate on February 1, 2020. Mr. Cory replaces the agency’s interim president and CEO, Toni Rossi. He joined IO in 2012 and recently held the position of president of the project delivery division . Prior to IO, he was a partner at McKinsey & Company, where he was a leader in the Infrastructure and Public Sector practices. SNC-Lavalin intends to launch a new infrastructure fund in 2017 At the announcement of the 2016 Q4 financial results, SNC-Lavalin’s management confirmed that they intend to finalize a new fund in 2017, which is intended for the Group’s North American operating infrastructure assets. The net book value of SNC’s investment portfolio is $417M . Its average fair market value as of March 1, 2017 was $4B . The assets include light trains, hospitals and highways worldwide . But Highway 407 will not be included in the fund. SNC seeks to entice passive investors in the fund, particularly insurance companies and small pension funds interested in investing in assets without participating in operations . InstarAGF raised $549M for its Essential Infrastructure Fund InstarAGF Essential Infrastructure Fund (“EIF”) obtained $549M in commitments to date (Source: InfraAmericas). The fund, concentrated on North America, has set a $750M target, with a maximum of $850M . The final closing of the fund is expected to occur during the 2017 fiscal year . The term of the fund is 15 years and includes a 2-year extension period . The objective is an internal return rate of between 9% and 14%. The target industries include transport, social infrastructures, renewable energies, power generation and public services . The fund seeks projects offering protection against market shifts, such as longterm contracts, concession contracts or a specific regulatory regime. Approximately 40% of the fund has been invested since January 2015 . The current portfolio of InstarAGF includes the Billy Bishop airport terminal, two wind projects totalling 30 MW in British Columbia and the Steel Reef Mainstream company, based in Calgary. Bombardier and Metrolinx move toward a trial The date of the trial of Bombardier and Metrolinx concerning the supply of light rail vehicles for the Eglinton and Finch West LRT projects should be known soon, at the conclusion of the hearings before the Superior Court of Ontario. Metrolinx blames Bombardier for the delays in delivering the 182 vehicles under the contract . For its part, Bombardier maintains that the delays are due to Metrolinx repeatedly modifying its requirements . The dispute already resulted in the postponement of the deadline for filing proposals for the $1B Finch West LRT project. The three preselected teams in the Finch West LRT project have been invited to include the supply of vehicles in their proposals, which paves the way to an alternate solution to that of Bombardier. If the supply and delivery model of the Finch West LRT project may be still modified, such is no longer the case for the Eglinton LRT contract, as the financial closing of the $5B project occurred in July 2015. The Government of Québec confirms its support for the CDPQ’s REM project According to a press release published on March 28, 2017 by the Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec (“CDPQ”), the Government of Québec intends to invest $1 .28B in the Réseau électrique métropolitain (“REM”) project in Montréal. For its part, the CDPQ should invest $2 .67B in the project, in parallel with a $2 .28B contribution from the federal government, in respect of which discussions are still ongoing. The CDPQ’s net interest in the project should eventually be 51%, while the provincial and federal governments will each hold a 24 .5% interest. The CDPQ anticipates a return rate which should be between 8% and 9% for the project, which is consistent with the general return objective of the CDPQ, which is 6%. The federal and provincial governments will receive dividends when the 8% return rate for the project is reached . The dividends will then be paid to the minority shareholders until they reach their minimum 3 .7% target return rate . The 3 .7% target rate corresponds to the average borrowing cost of the entire debt of the Government of Québec . Once the minority shareholders reach the target return rate, the dividends will be paid in accordance with the ownership percentages. The project, which is considered to be a public-public partnership, involves the acquisition of a light 67 km railway system including 24 stations and linking downtown Montréal with the South Shore, the West Island, the North Shore and the Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport . The estimated cost of the REM is between $0 .69 and $0 .72 per passenger/km. The future Canada Infrastructure Bank: a role which remains to be clarified The Canadian Government recently shed some light on the creation of the Canada Infrastructure Bank (“CIB”), but many stakeholders still wonder about the functioning of the future institution and some have concerns about the consequences on the market. On March 22, 2017 in Ottawa, at the Parliament session on the budget, the Minister of Finance, Bill Morneau, stated that the CIB would commence operations by the end of 2017. The budget also referred to the status of key public transportation project which would be in the sights of the future bank, such as phase 2 of the Ottawa LRT, the Calgary Green LRT, Ontario’s RER program and Vancouver’s Millennium Line Broadway Extension, without, however, promising financing from the CIB. The launch of the process for appointing the CEO and chairman of the board of the bank has been announced. Some stakeholders in the industry wonder about the fact that the CIB could adopt a model similar to that of the CDPQ with Montréal’s Réseau électrique métropolitain (“REM”) project, which is called a “public-public” project. Moreover, many note the fact that there already is an increase of private financing and not enough investment opportunities in the infrastructure market, which calls into question the usefulness of a new player in this area. However, some stakeholders talk about major projects which would bring about broader economic benefits to the country and could justify subsidies from the bank in the form of equity investments or nonrefundable contributions. The government reiterated that it does not intend for the CIB to compete with existing provincial agencies such as IO, Saskbuilds, Partnerships BC or the Société québécoise des infrastructures. Teacher’s former CEO to advise the Canada Infrastructure Bank Jim Leech, former CEO of the Ontario Teachers’ Pension Plan (“OTPP”) will be a special advisor for the launch of the CIB. He will be responsible for setting up an implementation team, negotiating agreements with stakeholders, providing strategic advice on investments and, more directly, for specific projects across Canada. The CIB anticipates to deliver projects worth in excess of $200B over 10 years while minimizing the use of public money . The capital of the bank, that is, $35B over 10 years, would add up to the private financing provided by institutional investors in order to propose equity financings or subordinated loans in chosen projects. The federal government already courted some of the largest public pension funds of Canada, as well as foreign investors . The government wishes to attract investments of as much as four or five dollars in private capital for every tax dollar invested in new projects. In his economic statement in the fall of 2016, the government maintained that increased participation of institutional capital in infrastructures constitutes a priority. Jim Leech became president and CEO of the OTPP after having worked within the organization for six years . He retired from the fund on December 31, 2013. Metrolinx CEO becomes an advisor to the Canada Infrastructure Bank Bruce McCuaig, the CEO of Metrolinx, accepted a new position with the federal government, at the Privy Council Office, to support the launch of the CIB. Mr . McCuaig will be an executive advisor and will support the CIB special advisor Jim Leech – who was also recently appointed – as part of the process of launching the bank. Bruce McCuaig joined Metrolinx in 2010 . Under his leadership, the agency developed projects worth $8B financed by the private sector, notably the Eglinton Crosstown LRT, the new East Rail maintenance facility, Finch West LRT, Hurontario LRT and Hamilton LRT. Mr . McCuaig will be temporarily replaced by Mr . John Jensen, currently Chief Capital Officer with Metrolinx, pending the recruitment of a permanent successor. British Columbia Budget 2017 provides for record levels of infrastructure investments The 2017-2018 budget of British Columbia provides for $24 .5B investments over the next three fiscal years, that is a $1 .7B increase for the current fiscal year . This is the fifth balanced budget tabled by the liberal government, which also reaffirmed its commitment to public-private partnerships. This budget in investments and PPP projects include the following: $2.7B for hospital projects; $2.6B for post-secondary establishment infrastructure; $2B for the maintenance, replacement, renovation or expansion of educational institutions for students from kindergarten to 12th grade; $1.4B by the departments for the construction of infrastructures such as courthouses, correctional centres, office buildings and information systems; $7B for investments in transportation, including the project for the replacement of the George Massey tunnel (ongoing call for tenders). Road programming 2017-2018: more than $4.6B to be invested in the Québec road infrastructure network The Government of Québec will invest in excess of $4 .6B in the Québec road network between 2017 and 2019 in order to undertake, continue or complete 2,062 road construction projects throughout Québec and create and maintain more than 31,000 jobs. On March 3, 2017, in Montréal, the Minister of Transport, Sustainable Mobility and Transport Electrification, Mr . Laurent Lessard, announced the road programming for the next two years with the Minister responsible for the Montréal region, Mr. Martin Coiteux. The $4 .6B to be invested over the next two years are allocated as follows, based on the main axes of intervention established by the Ministère: $2.1B will be allocated to structures which the MTMDET is responsible for, and $252.6M will be allocated to the municipal network structure; An amount of over $1.2B will be allocated to pavement; $626.9M will be allocated to network improvement; $463.7M will be allocated to network development. From these amounts, $1.3B will be used to complete projects related in whole or in part to road safety improvement. Moreover, 90% of the amounts invested will be used to maintain assets. Alberta Budget 2017 increases infrastructure investments The 2017 budget of Alberta increases by $1.4B the infrastructure investment in addition to what had been announced in the 2016 budget, for a total of $29 .5B over the four coming years. The main areas of investment include: $7.6B in municipal infrastructure support; $4.7B for capital maintenance and renewal; $4.5B for health infrastructure; $3.8B for climate change and environmental sustainability; $2.6B for schools, including $500M for new school projects over the next four years and an additional $488M for future school projects beginning in 2018-2019; $3.1B for roads and bridges; $100M to support Albertans living on reserves who do not have reliable access to clean drinking water. Alberta’s last PPP project, the Southwest Calgary Ring road, worth $1.42B, is currently under construction and should be open to traffic in October 2021. Québec Budget 2017 provides for massive investments in public transportation The 2017 budget of Québec provides for infrastructure expenses of $91.1B over 10 years, that is a $2.4B increase over last year budget. Significant investments will be made in public transportation and in restructuring its management in the Montréal area. An additional $1.5B will be invested in public transportation for the following major initiatives: Réseau électrique métropolitain (REM) The Government of Québec intends to invest $1.28B in the Réseau électrique métropolitain (REM) project in Montréal. This contribution will be added to the $2 .67B of CPDQ and that of the federal government in the amount of $2 .28B which currently is under discussions . Calls for proposals are ongoing for the construction, rolling stock and maintenance aspects. The proposals must be submitted by the summer of 2017. Metro blue line The project includes a 5.5 km extension of the blue line toward Anjou, in the northeastern part of Montréal. The work should begin in 2021 and the investment will be described in the 2017-2027 Infrastructure Plan. Autorité régionale de transport métropolitain (ARTM) The government will create the ARTM in order to centralize the planning and delivery of public transportation in the Montréal area. This organization will be managed by the Montréal Metropolitan Community (MMC) . Its financing over five years will include $399M to [TRANSLATION] “maintain excellent financial solidity” and $587.7M for its role in the REM project. Complementary improvements to public transportation The government invests an additional amount of $333M over five years (in addition to the current amount of $1.2B) in the improvements to public transportation, adapted transportation and regional public transportation services across Québec. Newfoundland and Labrador Budget 2017 introduces a five-year infrastructure investment plan Newfoundland and Labrador budget 2017 provides for a $3B investment in infrastructure over the next five years . The government also announced that it intends to analyze all the major infrastructure projects to determine their eligibility for public-private partnerships. The major investments provided for in the infrastructure plan include the following: $330.9M for major health care projects; $53.8M for the construction of new schools and related repair and maintenance work; $44.7M for post-secondary establishments; $461.1M for municipal infrastructure, in partnership with the federal government; $372.2M for transportation infrastructure; $86.5M for the repair, maintenance and modernization of affordable housing units. Furthermore, the plan emphasizes the interest for partnerships with the private sector which stimulate innovation and allow for benefiting from the best market practices in managing operations. Innergex announces the commissioning of the 81.4 MW Upper Lillooet River hydroelectric power plant Innergex Renewable Energy Inc. (TSX: INE) has begun commercial operation of the 81.4 MW Upper Lillooet River run-of-river hydroelectric facility located in British Columbia. Innergex owns a 66.7% interest in the hydro facility and Ledcor Power Group Ltd. owns the remaining 33.3%. This is the largest hydroelectric power plant built by Innergex to this day. The facility is located on crown land, approximately 40 km north of the Village of Pemberton, in the Sea-to-Sky district of British Columbia. Construction began in October 2013 and was completed in March 2017. The facility is part of the Upper Lillooet River Hydro Project which includes two run-of-river clean energy generation facilities located in the Pemberton Valley: Upper Lillooet River (81.4 MW) and Boulder Creek (25.3 MW). On March 17, 2015, the Corporation announced the closing of $491.6M non-recourse construction and term project financing for both these projects. The commissioning of the Boulder Creek hydroelectric facility is expected in the second quarter of 2017. The Upper Lillooet River facility’s average annual production is estimated to reach 334,000 MWh, enough to power around 31,850 British Columbia households. All of the electricity it produces is covered by a 40-year fixed-price power purchase agreement with BC Hydro, granted in the context of the 2008 call for tenders for clean energy, which provides for an annual adjustment to the selling price based on a portion of the Consumer Price Index. Manitoba Budget 2017 steps up its commitment to public-private partnerships Manitoba’s budget 2007 provides for an infrastructure investment of over $1.7B in 2017-2018 and confirms the intention of the government to eliminate regulatory obstacles to private investment in public infrastructure in order to promote public-private partnerships. In the context of one of the largest infrastructure budget in Manitoba’s history, here are some of the major investments to be made in 20172018: $747M for roads, highways, bridges and protection against floods; $641M for health, education and housing infrastructure; and $370M for municipal and local infrastructure and other provincial infrastructures. The City of Winnipeg implemented several PPP projects in the areas of transportation and social assets. The Canada-Europe Free Trade Agreement: impacts on the infrastructure industry The Canada-European Union Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (“CETA” or the “Agreement”) will create one of the largest free-trade zones in the world. It may come into force on a provisional basis once the Canadian Senate has validated Bill C-30. Then, only the approval of each of the member countries of the European Union (“EU”) will remain to be obtained for the Agreement to come into force on a final basis since it has already been ratified by the European Parliament. CETA will provide access to the large European market, which represents a GDP of approximately 15,000 billion euros per year and more than 500 million consumers, to Canadian businesses. The coming into force of CETA will have a significant impact on the infrastructure industries in Canada and Europe. We can already identify four aspects of the Agreement which will have direct consequences on same. Access to the European public market The European infrastructure public market represents between 2,000 and 3,000B dollars per year, which is even more than that of the United States. With CETA, Canadian firms, working particularly in the areas of engineering, project management and construction, will gain access to the national public markets of the EU 28 member States . Moreover, businesses will be allowed to participate in calls for tenders of, among others, public law bodies such as hospitals, schools and universities, European utilities (such as gas, power and water distribution) and entities responsible for urban and rail transportation. CETA will also provide European businesses with access to the Canadian public market, which has the wind in its sails since the announcement of the creation of the Canada Infrastructure Bank in the Government of Canada’s 2017 budget. Better labour mobility CETA will also increase labour mobility between Europe and Canada by facilitating the temporary assignment of some categories of persons (for example business people) . Therefore, it will be easier for businesses who bid on call for tenders to do business with the EU by having a person directly in the field. It will also be possible, in some cases, for businesses (such as those offering, for instance, installation and maintenance services), to send their own employees on site to supervise the work or train employees for this purpose. Another interesting aspect of CETA is the chapter on the recognition of the professional qualifications, which aims to establish a procedure for facilitating the potential negotiation of agreements for the recognition of qualifications of professionals and individuals working in regulated trades. Accordingly, it will be easier for Canadian and European businesses to hire qualified personnel. Elimination of tariffs The Agreement will eliminate all the tariffs currently collected on originating products used for infrastructure construction and maintenance. This includes building materials, energy production equipment, electrical equipment, railway products and information and communication technology products. The elimination of these duties represents a significant economic benefit for Canadian businesses, which had to pay high tariffs on many categories of products . For example, the customs duties on equipment for energy production and distribution could be as high as 14% and 6.5% for concrete products. European products will also enter Canada duty-free. Cooperation in regulatory matters Lastly, the Agreement will also implement the Protocol on the Mutual Acceptance of the Results of Conformity Assessment, which will facilitate the acceptance by Canada and the EU of test results and product certification from the other party, resulting in lower costs for businesses. Indeed, a business which had to go to Europe to have its products certified will be able to do so in Canada and the certification will be recognized by the EU . The same process will apply to European businesses wishing to have their products certified in Canada. This protocol applies, among other things, to building materials, machinery, electronic equipment and ATEX (“atmosphere explosive”) equipment. In closing, once CETA is in force, even on a provisional basis, Canadian and European businesses will benefit from privileged access to each others’ markets . Corporations in the infrastructure sector would be well-advised to carefully consider the new business opportunities resulting from the application of the Agreement. Biomethanization: a fast-growing market in Québec Biomethanization is a process whereby organic matter is fermented in the absence of oxygen, leading to the production of biogas (or biomethane) and a solid waste called digestate. Biogas may be reclaimed under the form of thermal or electrical energy or, once refined, it can replace natural gas. Digestate can be used as an organic fertilizer. Biomethanization is considered to be a renewable source of energy which participates in the energy transition toward a decarbonised economy. This form of energy has been around for many years in Québec with private projects such as the Gazmont power plant in 1996, located near the Miron Quarry in Montréal and EBI Energy’s power plant in 2003, located in Saint-Thomas, in the Lanaudière region . More recently, in 2017, Lavery participated in the financing of the Biomont project, a biogas cogeneration power plant located in Montréal, in the Villeray - Saint-Michel - Parc-Extension borough. The biomethanization sector has found a new impetus since 2010, with the implementation of the Program for the Treatment of Organic Matter through Biomethanization and Composting1 which encouraged municipalities and private stakeholders to undertake biomethanization projects. This initiative, which was developed by the Government of Québec and relies on the resources of the Green Fund, aims to banish any form of disposal of organic materials in landfills by 2020 . More recently, in 2016, the federal government confirmed $5B in investments over 5 years2 through the Green Infrastructure Fund, which aims, among other things, to reduce the production of greenhouse gases. The various programs offer financial support to many types of sponsors-operators, particularly cities (40%), regional county municipalities (“RCM”, 13%) and common-interest partnerships (47%) grouping cities, private businesses and RCMs . There are currently seven projects in the development phase, two in the construction phase, three in the commissioning phase and four in the operating phase. Among the largest projects in the development phase are those of the City of Montréal ($237M in investments), Québec City ($124M) and the City of Laval ($123M). The four completed and operating projects are those of Vallée-du-Richelieu, the City of Rimouski, the Rocher-Percé RCM and Multitech Environment, Rouyn-Noranda. The size of the projects varies from one community to the other based on the quantity of metric tonnes to be processed annually. The total cost of the investment is between $1 .3M and $237M (median of $27 .1M) . Both levels of government participate in the financing of the various projects in proportions varying between 20% and 70% of the total cost of the projects (53% on average) . In addition to the financing granted by the provincial and federal governments, the remainder of the financing is split between municipalities and private investors. Biomethanization is still a young technology in Québec and even in Canada. Giving time the market to adapt to this new reality will lead to its mastery, a challenge that sponsors-operators must face . Implementing these projects involves an adequate assessment of the risks related to the design, construction, technological choices and operational management, failing which costs are likely to spiral out of control . In this respect, the necessity of importing outside know-how still seems relevant, since many suppliers and operators who are involved in these projects are based in Europe or the United States . For European businesses, the new Canada-Europe free trade agreement may certainly promote their increased involvement. Lastly, another challenge brought about by these projects is that of profitability, namely, the valorization of outputs relative to inputs and the production process in a context of pressures on the price of gas and electricity. However, the growth of the carbon market, which henceforth includes Québec, the State of California and Ontario, seems to pave the way to a new source of income for sponsors and may improve the financial model of these projects. In conclusion, the program of the Government of Québec contributed to more than 16 biomethanization projects throughout the province, thereby reducing the environmental impact. The latest is the Matane biomethanization project, for which the municipality just completed a call for tenders on April 6, 2017. These projects represent many potential business opportunities for businesses operating in fields such as waste processing, waste-water treatment, renewable energies, etc., that wish to diversify their activities by taking advantage of the growth of the green economy.   Program running until December 31, 2017 (French only)

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  2. Artificial Intelligence and the 2017 Canadian Budget: is your business ready?

    The March 22, 2017 Budget of the Government of Canada, through its “Innovation and Skills Plan” ( mentions that Canadian academic and research leadership in artificial intelligence will be translated into a more innovative economy and increased economic growth. The 2017 Budget proposes to provide renewed and enhanced funding of $35 million over five years, beginning in 2017–2018 to the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR) which connects Canadian researchers with collaborative research networks led by eminent Canadian and international researchers on topics including artificial intelligence and deep learning. These measures are in addition to a number of interesting tax measures that support the artificial intelligence sector at both the federal and provincial levels. In Canada and in Québec, the Scientific Research and Experimental Development (SR&ED) Program provides a twofold benefit: SR&ED expenses are deductible from income for tax purposes and a SR&ED investment tax credit (ITC) for SR&ED is available to reduce income tax. In some cases, the remaining ITC can be refunded. In Québec, a refundable tax credit is also available for the development of e-business, where a corporation mainly operates in the field of computer system design or that of software edition and its activities are carried out in an establishment located in Québec. This 2017 Budget aims to improve the competitive and strategic advantage of Canada in the field of artificial intelligence, and, therefore, that of Montréal, a city already enjoying an international reputation in this field. It recognises that artificial intelligence, despite the debates over ethical issues that currently stir up passions within the international community, could help generate strong economic growth, by improving the way in which we produce goods, deliver services and tackle all kinds of social challenges. The Budget also adds that artificial intelligence “opens up possibilities across many sectors, from agriculture to financial services, creating opportunities for companies of all sizes, whether technology start-ups or Canada’s largest financial institutions”. This influence of Canada on the international scene cannot be achieved without government supporting research programs and our universities contributing their expertise. This Budget is therefore a step in the right direction to ensure that all the activities related to artificial intelligence, from R&D to marketing, as well as design and distributions, remain here in Canada. The 2017 budget provides $125 million to launch a Pan-Canadian Artificial Intelligence Strategy for research and talent to promote collaboration between Canada’s main centres of expertise and reinforce Canada’s position as a leading destination for companies seeking to invest in artificial intelligence and innovation. Lavery Legal Lab on Artificial Intelligence (L3AI) We anticipate that within a few years, all companies, businesses and organizations, in every sector and industry, will use some form of artificial intelligence in their day-to-day operations to improve productivity or efficiency, ensure better quality control, conquer new markets and customers, implement new marketing strategies, as well as improve processes, automation and marketing or the profitability of operations. For this reason, Lavery created the Lavery Legal Lab on Artificial Intelligence (L3AI) to analyze and monitor recent and anticipated developments in artificial intelligence from a legal perspective. Our Lab is interested in all projects pertaining to artificial intelligence (AI) and their legal peculiarities, particularly the various branches and applications of artificial intelligence which will rapidly appear in companies and industries. The development of artificial intelligence, through a broad spectrum of branches and applications, will also have an impact on many legal sectors and practices, from intellectual property to protection of personal information, including corporate and business integrity and all fields of business law. In our following publications, the members of our Lavery Legal Lab on Artificial Intelligence (L3AI) will more specifically analyze certain applications of artificial intelligence in various sectors and industries.

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  3. The latest news from the Canadian infrastructures market / Major trends in the infrastructures market for 2017

    TABLE OF CONTENTS The latest news from the Canadian infrastructures market Defense Construction Canada issues Request for Expressions of Interest for an energy performance contract Boralex completes financing of the Yellow Falls hydro project in Ontario Boralex and AWEC announce a new partnership CC&L and Desjardins acquire a majority interest in the South Fraser Road project Boralex purchases Enercon’s interest in the Niagara Region Wind Farm in Ontario United States: State officials seek abolition of the Clean Power Plan The sale of TerraForm Power moves forward CDPQ and DP World launch a US$3.7 billion port assets fund The Canadian government approves two pipeline projects TerraForm Power successfully refinances its solar power portfolio in Canada The Northwest Territories are seeking financial consulting services for PPPs Crown corporations concerned over the market’s ability to deliver all the infrastructure projects currently planned in Canada Québec is considering a PPP for the Louis-Hippolyte- LaFontaine Tunnel rehabilitation project Consortiums pre-qualified for the Montréal LRT contracts Canada’s Minister of Infrastructure and Communities, Amarjeet Sohi, outlines the federal government’s infrastructures plan Alberta approves 400 MW of new renewable energy projects procurement Refinancing of Montréal Gateway Terminals partnership completed Axium acquires its first solar assets in the U.S. PPP for île d’Orléans Bridge? Global Infrastructure Partners creates the largest infrastructure fund in the world Fiera Infrastructure acquires 50% interest in an Ontario wind farm Major trends for 2017 The latest news from the Canadian infrastructures market Defense Construction Canada issues a Request for Expressions of Interest for energy performance contract Defense Construction Canada (DCC) has issued a Request for Expressions of Interest, dated December 20, 2016, for improvements in energy efficiency contracts covering nine military facilities across Canada (Québec, Ontario, Alberta, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick). The services required include preparation of a feasibility study, financing, performance guarantees, and construction and project management. The payment mechanism, financial structure and energy-saving targets would be specific to each project. The approximate value of the contract would be $52 million, on the basis of a 10-15% reduction in service costs and a maximum amortization of 15 years from the beginning of work. Responses to the Request for Expressions of Interest had to be submitted February 1, 2017. DCC plans to finalize the process by March 31, 2018. Boralex completes financing of the Yellow Falls hydro project in Ontario On December 16, 2016, Boralex announced that it had closed a $74.3 million financing for its Yellow Falls hydro project in Ontario. The 16MW Yellow Falls hydroelectric power station is on the Mattagami River, near the town of Smooth Rock Falls. The total project cost is approximately $91.7 million. Financing was structured on the basis of a hybrid model and includes a short-term tranche of $9.1 million fully amortized over 10 years, and a long-term (39-year) tranche of US$65.2 million which will begin amortizing over 29 years after repayment of the shorter tranche, the balance being due at maturity. Together, both tranches will bear a fixed average interest rate of approximately 5% over the life of the loans. The lenders are Canada Life, The Great West Life Assurance Company and London Life. Construction of the Yellow Falls hydroelectric site has already begun, with commissioning planned for the end of the 2nd quarter of 2017. The plant will operate under a 39-year power purchase agreement with IESO. The Yellow Falls project was developed jointly with First Nation partners, the Taykwa Tagamou Nation and the Mattagami First Nation. The two First Nations, as well as the initial project proponent, Canadian Hydro Developers, hold options allowing them to acquire a participation of up to 31.25% of the project. Boralex and AWEC announce a new partnership On December 15, 2016 Boralex and the Alberta Wind Energy Corporation (AWEC) announced the creation of the Alberta Renewable Power Limited Partnership, owned respectively 52% and 48% by the two entities. This collaboration will allow Boralex and AWEC to pool their mutual expertise in developing and implementing wind and solar projects in Alberta and in Saskatchewan. This new joint venture marks Boralex’s entry into Alberta’s renewable energy market. The partnership will focus primarily on public utility wind farms with capacities greater than 5 MW and will also seek sites for potential solar projects. The partnership expects to prepare tenders for the Windy Point and Old-Elm/Pothole projects in Alberta, and for a portfolio of other projects in Alberta and in Saskatchewan. CC&L and Desjardins acquire a majority interest in the South Fraser Road project Connor, Clark & Lunn Infrastructure (“CC&L”) and the Desjardins Group Pension Plan acquired a majority interest in the South Fraser Perimeter Road project in British Columbia, a public-private partnership (PPP) project. ACS (50%), Star America Infrastructure Fund (25%) and Ledcor Infrastructure Investments (25%) were the project’s initial shareholders. ACS sold 37.5% of the total project for $24.7 million, and will retain a 12.5% minority interest in the project. The transaction closed on December 9, 2016. The project was refinanced in October 2015 for $228 million. Boralex purchases Enercon’s interest in the Niagara Region Wind Farm in Ontario In a media release dated December 8, 2016, Boralex announced its acquisition of Enercon’s 50% interest in the 230 MW Niagara Region Wind Farm in Ontario for a total cash consideration of $238.5 million. The Wind Farm, which extends over the Regional Municipality of Niagara, the Township of West Lincoln, the Town of Wellfleet and Haldimand County in Ontario, was commissioned on November 2, 2016 and comprises 77 Enercon E-101 turbines. The Wind Farm has a 20-year power purchase agreement with IESO. In October 2016, Enercon and its partner, Grand River Development Corporation, secured a $828.3 million non-recourse financing for the project. Grand River Development Corporation financed its capital investment in the project by way of a non-recourse loan from Enercon that will be transferred to Boralex. United States: State officials seek abolition of the Clean Power Plan A coalition of attorney generals and government agency representatives of 24 U.S. states have urged the Trump administration to issue an executive order declaring the Clean Power Plan unlawful. In a letter dated December 14, 2016 to Vice-President Mike Pence, House Leader Paul Ryan and Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, the signatories contend that the Clean Power Plan contradicts section 111 of the Clean Air Act, maintaining that the section does not give the EPA power to regulate emissions from a source that is already regulated. They also claim that the rules subvert each state’s authority over its own sources of electricity generation. The Clean Power Plan, widely regarded as draft environmental legislation bearing President Obama’s stamp, fixes carbon emission reduction objectives applicable to power plants. One of the aims of the draft legislation was to accelerate the shutdown of coal-fired plants while increasing the share of renewal energy projects. The legislation remains suspended further to the Supreme Court’s February 2016 decision delaying implementation. In his campaign, President Donald Trump stated that he opposed the Clean Power Plan. The signatories of the letter noted that an order would not formally cancel the plan, but would however assure States that it would not be applied. The groups also suggested that Congress and the administration work together on legislation that would prevent the EPA from drafting regulations similar to the Clean Power Plan in the future. The letter was also signed by the representatives of West Virginia, Wyoming and Kentucky, the three largest coal-producing states in 2014. Industry participants stated they do not expect any significant changes in the short term if the Clean Power Plan is cancelled and noted that the growth in renewable energy production was largely stimulated by state initiatives rather than by federal mandates. The sale of TerraForm Power moves forward TerraForm Power, the yieldCo created by the US developper Sun Edison, is currently assessing preliminary offers from various strategic buyers and investors, in preparation for the next phase of the sale process, namely committed offers, which had to be submitted mid-January 2017. Pattern Energy Group, Brookfield Asset Management, a Texas-based renewable energy company and other entities established in Asia, are among the potential bidders. TerraForm Power, with a market capitalization of US$1.9 billion, manages US$3 billion in solar and wind assets in North America and in the UK. The energy company SunEdison, currently under bankruptcy legislation protection, remains the largest shareholder of TerraForm Power. CDPQ and DP World launch a US$3.7 billion port assets fund Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec (CDPQ) and Dubai-based DP World have created a $5 billion (approximately US$3.7 billion) fund, to be used as a platform for investing in ports and terminals around the world (excluding the United Arab Emirates). DP World holds a 55% interest in this investment vehicle, and CDPQ holds the remaining 45%. This new vehicle will invest directly in equity, primarily in existing infrastructure assets, but will also invest up to 25% in projects under development. The fund has invested $865 million in two of DP World’s Canadian container terminals, located in Vancouver and Prince Rupert. CDPQ has acquired a 45% interest in the combined assets. CDPQ Infra, the infrastructure division of Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec, currently has $13 billion in assets under management, 25% of which is invested in the United States, and 10% in Canada. In November 2013, CDPQ acquired a 26.67% interest in Global Infrastructure Partners in the Port of Brisbane in Australia. The Canadian government approves two pipeline projects According to a November 29, 2016 statement, the federal government has approved two major oil pipeline projects: the Kinder Morgan’s Trans Mountain Expansion Project and the Enbridge Line 3 replacement project. The Trans Mountain pipeline has been in existence for 63 years. It transports crude and refined oil between Alberta and British Columbia. The expansion project will increase the pipeline’s nominal capacity from 300,000 to 890,000 barrels a day. Construction of the Trans Mountain project is scheduled to begin in September 2017, with a commissioning date planned for the end of 2019. The cost of the project would be approximately $7 billion. Calgary-based Enbridge’s Line 3 Replacement Project involves replacing a 50-year old pipeline from Alberta to Wisconsin that would double its original capacity to 760,000 barrels a day. Project completion is planned for 2019. The Canadian government rejected a third pipeline project, the Northern Gateway project, also proposed by Enbridge. The project was envisaged as a twin pipeline system that would have exported bitumen and imported natural gas condensate. TerraForm Power successfully refinances its solar power portfolio in Canada TerraForm Power recently contracted a $120 million 7-year loan with Deutsche Bank to refinance its Canadian solar power portfolio. The loan bears interest at an average interest rate of 3.7%. TerraForm Power’s solar power portfolio includes the following projects: SunE Perpetual Lindsay (15.5MW) March Hill (18.5 MW) Woodville (12.6 MW) Sandringham (13.1 MW) The four projects have 20-year power purchase agreements with IESO. The financing terms and conditions give TerraForm Power the possibility of expanding the loan principal by an additional $123 million (“accordion feature”). The Northwest Territories are seeking financial consulting services for PPPs The Government of the Northwest Territories has launched a call for tenders for financial consultancy services for future PPP projects. The selected firm’s mandate would be to assist the government in developing and evaluating the call for tender process. It will also contribute to the creation of appropriate administrative structures and training programs. The province contemplates at least three potential projects being carried out in PPP mode. A first project, estimated at $700 million would to construct a section of highway in the Mackenzie Valley from Wrigley to Normal Wells. A second project involves construction of the All Season road (approximately $150 million). The third project is also a highway, extending to the Arctic Coast as far as a deep water port in western Nunavut. To date, the province has been involved in two PPPs: the Stanton Territorial Hospital which completed its financial close in August 2015, and the Mackenzie Valley fibre optic line, which finalized its closing in November 2014. Crown corporations concerned over the market’s ability to deliver all the infrastructure projects currently planned in Canada A number of Canada’s main PPP agencies appear to be concerned over the market’s ability to deliver the increasingly high number of projects that are planned across the country. Some agencies, such as Partnership BC or Infrastructure Ontario, try to structure their procurement process to maintain market competitiveness, for example by giving companies more time to assess their needs, or by saturating the market with a large number of requests over a short period of time. Public sector agencies that must manage a growing number of projects in development must also deal with this problem. Québec considering a PPP for the Louis-Hippolyte-LaFontaine Tunnel rehabilitation project In the early part of 2017, Transports Québec will assess private-sector interest in the Louis-Hippolyte-LaFontaine Tunnel rehabilitation project. The government agency is planning a major rehabilitation of the tunnel as well as related work on Highway 25. A traditional procurement model will be assessed alongside Design – Build – Finance and Design – Build – Finance – Operate options. Transports Québec will conduct a market survey of potential privatesector partners (engineering consulting firms, general contractors, investors) regarding the commercial structure, allocation of risk, and terms of remuneration for the project. The various aspects of the project include replacement of the concrete screed and installation of a surface protective coating. The project cost and project schedule have not yet been determined. However preliminary work the project is underway, and the second phase of the project is slated to begin after 2018. Consortiums pre-qualified for the Montréal LRT contracts CDPQ Infra, a subsidiary of the CDPQ, conducted a pre-selection of consortiums for the Réseau Électrique Métropolitain (“REM”) project, the cost of which is estimated at $5.9 billion. In June 2016, the CDPQ published two requests for qualification: one for the infrastructure engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) contract and the other for the rolling stock, systems and operation and maintenance services (RSSOM) contract. The cost of the EPC contract will be approximately $4.4 billion and the RSSOM contract will be approximately $1.5 billion. The following consortiums and companies were pre-selected: For the EPC contract: Groupe NouvLR: SNC Lavalin, Dragados, Aecon, Pomerleau, EBC, Aecom Kiewit-Eurovia, a partnership: Construction Kiewit, Eurovia Québec, WSP, Parsons For the RSSOM contract: Alliance Montréal Mobilité (AMM): Parsons, Hyundai Rotem Company, RATP Dev Canada and Thales Bombardier Transportation Canada Inc. Groupe des Partners pour la Mobilité des Montréalais (PMM): Alstom, SNC-Lavalin The pre-selected teams each have six months to submit a final proposal. Construction is expected to start in the spring of 2017 and the first trains are expected to be in operation by the end of 2020. The project will allow for the deployment of a new high-frequency light rail transit network by building and transforming close to 67 km of double tracks, 24 stations, 9 bus terminals and 13 park-and-ride facilities. The project will also include the acquisition of a fleet of over 200 cars. Canada’s Minister of Infrastructure and Communities, Amarjeet Sohi, outlines the federal government’s infrastructures plan In an interview granted to InfraAmericas, Amarjeet Sohi, Canada’s Minister of Infrastructure and Communities explained the federal government’s infrastructure projects and in particular the role of the future Canada Infrastructure Bank (“CIB”). The CIB’s mandate will be to advise the federal government as well as provincial and municipal authorities on building infrastructure projects through public-private partnerships. The CIB, which has received $15 billion in government funding, will review each transaction and will structure it to ensure the protection of the public interest, while seeking to attract private capital. The relevant projects are primarily in the area of transit infrastructure: building of roads, bridges, tunnels, public transit and interprovincial transit lines. The mandate of the CIB is also to promote renewable energy projects so that ultimately the use of coal will be eliminated in Canada, in furtherance of the COP21 Agreement signed in Paris in 2015. The Minister cited the REM project developed by the CDPQ in Montréal as an example of the situation where an institution dedicated to infrastructure can make a difference by mobilizing private capital for a project that would not otherwise be achievable because the investment required would be too high for government budgets. As regards asset recycling transactions – another way to fund new projects - the government is awaiting the result of a Department of Finance Canada study, which would determine the role that the CIB could play. PPP Canada will continue to play a role in formulating new infrastructure projects and will support the Government in creating the Infrastructure Bank. Alberta approves 400 MW of new renewable energy projects procurement The Government of Alberta has authorized the Alberta Electric System Operator (AESO) to launch a call for tenders for 400 MW of renewable energy in 2017. This call for tenders would be the first of a series that should span the next 14 years, in the knowledge that Alberta plans to add 5,000 MW of renewable generation capacity by 2030. The AESO would accept projects that have a capacity of at least 5 MW and that would be operational by the end of 2019. The Authority will consider new projects and expansions of existing facilities. The AESO plans to issue a Request for Expressions of Interest in the 1st quarter of 2017, a request for qualification in the 2nd quarter 2017 and a request for proposals in the 4th quarter of 2017. Renewable energy is part of Alberta’s long-term climate policy. The province plans to gradually eliminate coal-fueled electricity generation from 49% to zero by 2030. Refinancing of Montréal Gateway Terminals partnership completed A group of Montréal Gateway Terminals shareholders, led by Axium Infrastructure, closed the refinancing of the company’s bank debt, which amounted $252 million on November 17, 2016. in March 2015, a consortium comprised of Axium, Desjardins, Manuvie, FTQ and Industrial Alliance, acquired the company’s assets from Morgan Stanley’s first infrastructure fund. The transaction was initially financed by $252 million in “mini-perm” bank financing over a five-year term. The debt was refinanced via a private bond placement in which several American and Canadian buyers, such as Prudential, Barings and Manuvie participated. Axium acquires its first solar assets in the U.S. Axium Infrastructure has acquired an 84-MWac (110 MWdc) portfolio of solar photovoltaic installations in the USA and Canada from Renewable Energy Trust Capital (RET Capital). The transaction, which closed on November 17, 2016, is Axium Infrastructure’s first solar investment in the US. The portfolio includes eight solar parks in California, Georgia and Ontario. These facilities reached commercial operations between 2012 and 2015. They each have long-term fixed-price power purchase agreements with investment-grade utilities. PPP for île d’Orléans Bridge? The Government of Québec will review all possible options for carrying out the project for a new cable-stayed bridge linking the île d’Orléans to the north shore of the St. Lawrence River. Until now, the preferred option was traditional public sector construction and operation. Two other options are currently under consideration: having the project carried out either in the private sector or in a private-public-partnership (PPP). The question of a bridge toll appears to be definitively ruled out. On November 24, 2016, the ministère des Transports du Québec (MTQ) launched a call for tenders for consultants specialized in finance and economics whose mandate would be to review and analyze the various modes of delivery for the île d’Orléans Bridge project. MTQ officials have estimated the cost of traditional construction and maintenance, i.e., fully government-funded. Although that assessment has not been disclosed, there is an unofficial estimate circulating that puts the budget at $400 million. The current bridge dates from 1935. It must be replaced to conform to new seismic standards, and also because its piles are sinking into the soft bed of the river, on the north shore. The most recent schedule put forward by the government is that the bridge will be in operation by 2024. The new bridge, if built as a concrete structure would have a life-span of 75 years, and if built as a metal structure, would have a life-span of more than 100 years. Global Infrastructure Partners creates the largest infrastructure fund in the world The third fund created by Global Infrastructure Partners – baptized as Global Infrastructure Partners III (“GIP III”) – was completed at US$15.8 billion. The final amount of GIP III is bigger than that of the Brookfield Infrastructure Fund III (“BIF III”), which achieved a final closing of US$14 billion in July 2016. The GIP III will have a 10-year mandate with two options to extend, each for one year. It is planning on making 10 to 14 equity investments of approximately US$500 million to US$1.75 billion over a five-year period. Fiera Infrastructure acquires 50% interest in an Ontario wind farm On January 25, 2017, Fiera Infrastructure Inc., a subsidiary of Fiera Capital Corporation, announced that it had acquired Suncor Energy’s 50% interest in the 100-MW Cedar Point II wind facility in Ontario, through its Fiera Infra LP fund. This is Fiera Infrastructure’s first wind energy investment. Cedar Point II is located in the counties of Lambton and Plympton-Wyoming and has been operational since October 2015. It sells its entire output to IESO under a 20-year power purchase agreement. NextEra Energy Canada, a subsidiary of NextEra Energy Resources, holds the remaining 50% of the project’s assets. National Bank Financial Markets acted as Fiera Infrastructure’s adviser, financial arranger and lender. Major trends in the infrastructures market for 2017 It is interesting to note the major worldwide trends in the infrastructures sector for 2017. Below is a compilation for our readers of the recurring themes gleaned from the analyses of experts in the field. A political commitment to reviving economic growth by means of infrastructure spending Accepted by most economic analysts and political leaders across the spectrum, investments in public infrastructures are universally acknowledged as an effective tool for economic interventionism. Generally, such investments are accompanied by measures to stimulate private investment which in turn optimizes government expenditures. The proliferation of infrastructure investment vehicles accompanied by competition in the fund industry over fund size Intended to attract private capital to infrastructure projects, the number and size of investment funds should continue to grow, particularly under the influence of investors from emerging countries. In some cases, they could compete head-on with traditional developers and builders. Growing competition in the construction industry should increase pressure on sector company margins This phenomenon should stimulate cooperation among firms seeking synergies and economies of scale, and also promote technological innovation. The transportation sector should play a more important role and surpass that of energy in new infrastructure investments Growing urbanization, associated with congestion and pollution in large cities and the need to facilitate trade will push governments to prioritize urban transit projects, especially rail projects. Economic expansion in China China should accelerate its economic expansion in Asia due to the USA’s disinvestment in the region and the failure of the TransPacific Partnership. This situation will affect North American companies and small local Asian companies that cannot compete with large Chinese companies. The energy storage sector The exponential growth of the energy storage sector caused by the problem of managing an increasingly complex energy mix, including renewable energy, which by its very nature is intermittent, and fossil fuels and nuclear energy, the flexibility of which remains limited. Commercially operational technological solutions are beginning to emerge and will represent opportunities for sophisticated investors.

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  4. October news on the Canadian infrastructure market

    Creation of a Canadian infrastructure bank On October 20, 2016, the Advisory Council on Economic Growth published its report entitled “Unleashing Productivity Through Infrastructure”. One of the report’s recommendations is to create a Canadian Infrastructure Development Bank whose objective would be to deliver projects with an aggregate value of more than $200 billion over 10 years, while at the same time minimizing the use of government budgets. The new bank could grant financing in the form of subordinated debt or equity to supplement the financing provided by institutional investors in various projects. The new entity would, in fact, promote the PPP delivery model or alternative financing models, although its role would not be to replace the existing provincial bodies, such as Infrastructure Ontario or the Société québécoise des infrastructures. Moreover, the federal government will also wish to ensure that the establishment of an infrastructure bank does not discourage investments by the private sector. Finally, on November 1, 2016, the Finance Minister, Bill Morneau, confirmed the creation of the Canada Infrastructure Bank (“CIB”) in 2017. The new institution will receive an initial capitalization of $35 billion. It remains to be seen whether the CIB will be governed by the Bank Act or whether a new legislative scheme will be set up for this new institution. Project to privatize eight Canadian airports In the aforementioned report, “Unleashing Productivity through Infrastructure”, the Advisory Council on Economic Growth proposes the privatization of the airports of Toronto, Vancouver, Montreal, Calgary, Edmonton, Ottawa, Winnipeg and Halifax. The Council also recommends the use of private investment in other public infrastructures such as toll highways and bridges, highspeed railways, smart cities, broadband internet networks, power transmission lines and natural resources infrastructure. This is not the first time the federal government has considered a project to privatize airports, but no decision seems yet to have been made at this stage, nor any agenda unveiled. However, the Canada Development Investment Corporation (“CDEV”), a federal Crown corporation reporting to the Finance Minister, Bill Morneau, has been mandated to hire consultants to advise the government. On the other hand, during his speech to the Montreal Chamber of Commerce on November 2, 2016, the Minister of Transport, Marc Garneau, mentioned that privatization was only one of the options on the table. Boralex closes a €100 million wind farm project financing in France Boralex Inc. has announced the closing of financing for the Mont de Bagny (24 MW), Artois (23.1 MW) and Voie des Monts (10 MW) wind farms in France, for a total of approximately €100 million (Cdn$145 million). This financing is provided by Crédit Industriel et Commercial (Groupe Crédit Mutuel) and BPI France Financement. The construction of each of the projects is already underway and they should all be commissioned by the end of 2017. This announcement was made shortly after Boralex acquired a wind farm portfolio of nearly 200 MW in France and Scotland, in September 2016. In June 2016, Boralex also closed another financing of €20.4 million for two wind farms in France. These large transactions confirm Boralex’s position as France’s largest independent producer of onshore wind power, through its Boralex Europe subsidiary. Possible refinancing of Montreal Gateway Terminals’ debt The Montreal Gateway Terminals project is currently studying the possibility of refinancing its bank debt. This consortium, including Axium, Desjardins, Manulife, the FTQ and Industrial Alliance, acquired the company’s assets from Morgan Stanley’s first infrastructure fund in March 2015. The transaction was financed with mini-perm bank financing of $252 million over a five-year term. The banking syndicate currently consists of BMO, CIBC, MUFG & BTMU, RBC and Scotiabank. DBRS downgrades Montreal hospital bonds On October 20, 2016, the DBRS credit rating agency downgraded the rating of the senior secured bonds of the Centre hospitalier de l’Université de Montréal (“CHUM”) from BBB (high) to BBB. This downgrade was due to the postponement of the substantial completion date of phase 1 from the second quarter of 2016 to the first quarter of 2017. This represents an additional delay of 20 weeks since the date of DBRS’s last review and 48 weeks since the initial substantial completion date of April 22, 2016. The project will be in default if delays continue beyond July 2017. HSBC implements a worldwide infrastructure financing platform HSBC recently announced that it was setting up an infrastructure financing platform with a worldwide mandate, whose purpose will be to mobilize capital from institutional investors. The team will be based in London and plans to sign its first mandate with the HSBC insurance company, which seeks to invest primarily in senior, investment grade infrastructure debt. In doing so, HSBC is imitating other international institutions that are seeking to capitalize on the appetite for private capital for infrastructure debt. For example, the French bank, Natixis, has also established its own infrastructure debt platform, based on investments from insurance companies. CIBC Asset Management establishes an energy and infrastructure team CIBC Asset Management has just set up an infrastructure and power projects financing team. The team’s mandate will be to take out interests in the form of private placements or public bond issues in the Canadian infrastructure, PPP, and renewable or non-renewable power production markets. This is therefore a new player from the banking industry positioning itself in the market for long-term public and private financing of infrastructure projects. Until now, TD Asset Management and Desjardins Asset Management were the two most well-known Canadian banking institutions active in fixed income infrastructure financing, in competition with the insurance companies that traditionally dominate this market. Bond refinancing for Kingston solar park On October 19, 2016, Connor, Clark & Lunn (“CC&L”), Samsung and a group of co-investors closed a $633 million bond issue for the refinancing of the Kingston Solar project in Ontario. Kingston Solar is a 100 MW project, one of the largest in Canada, located near the city of Kingston, Ontario, which commenced operations in September 2015. The project benefits from a 20-year power purchase contract with IESO. The bond issue, which DBRS rated BBB, will mature on July 31, 2035 and bears interest at a fixed rate of 3.571%. This is CC&L’s second refinancing of a solar park through the issuance of bonds after the refinancing of Grand Renewable Solar — a project of the same size as Kingston Solar — completed in June 2016. Public bond issues are an appealing option for the refinancing of Canadian renewable energy projects. However, the number of transactions completed to date has been relatively modest, in part because of the constraints imposed by the credit rating agencies, which, until now, had encouraged promoters to turn to more traditional types of financing, such as medium-term bank loans or private placements.

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  1. Lavery's expertise recognized by Chambers Canada 2021

    Lavery has been recognized in the following fields as a leader in the 2021 edition of the Chambers Canada guide: Corporate/Commercial (Québec Band 1, Highly Regarded) Employment and Labour (Québec Band 2) Energy and Natural Resources: Mining (Nationwide Band 5) The lawyers and law firms profiled in Chambers Canada are selected following through a rigorous process of research and interviews with a broad spectrum of lawyers and their clients. The final selection is based on clearly defined criteria such as the quality of client service, legal expertise, and commercial astuteness. Learn more about our professionals who have once again been recognized in Chambers Canada Guide 2021.. 

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  2. Our Professionals Demonstrate Once Again They Are Leaders in Chambers Canada Guide 2021

    René Branchaud, Guy Lavoie, Jean-Philippe Turgeon and Sébastien Vézina have been recognized as leaders in their respective areas of practice in the 2021 edition of the Chambers Canada guide. Areas of expertise in which they are recognized: René Branchaud: Energy and Natural Resources: Mining Guy Lavoie: Labour and Employment Law Jean-Philippe Turgeon: Franchising Sébastien Vézina: Energy and Natural Resources: Mining The lawyers and law firms profiled in Chambers Canada are selected following through a rigorous process of research and interviews with a broad spectrum of lawyers and their clients. The final selection is based on clearly defined criteria such as the quality of client service, legal expertise, and commercial astuteness. Learn more about the areas of expertise that Lavery has been recognized by Chambers Canada 2021.. 

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  3. Édith Jacques named Lawyer of the Year in Energy Law by The Best Lawyers in Canada 2021

    Lavery is pleased to announce that Édith Jacques' expertise was recognized in the 2021 edition of The Best Lawyers in Canada, in which she is named a Lawyer of the Year in Energy Law. Édith Jacques is a partner in our Montréal’s Business Law Group. She specializes in mergers and acquisitions, commercial law, as well as international law and acts as business and strategic consultant to mid- and large-size companies. Her expertise and knowledge in energy is well diverse and she has developed a well-recognized expertise in wind, biogas and biomethanization projects. She helps her clients in the management and implementation of their projects, as well as in the development of new markets. Moreover, in the field of energy Ms. Jacques regularly represents private companies in a wide range of transactions including the acquisition and sale of businesses, the negotiation of distribution, supply, and manufacturing agreements for both domestic and international markets. She also represents businesses in the implementation of structures and commercial agreements enabling them to expand into other countries. She acts as strategic advisor to companies helping them implement business structures supporting their growth while managing and controlling risk. Her comprehensive vision of her clients’ corporate and commercial structure, business risks, and objectives enables her to offer strategic advice adapted to their specific needs. Learn more about our 64 talents recognized as leaders by The Best Lawyers in Canada 2021.

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